Sewing Machine Servicing and Repair Hints
A good quality machine bought today will not require as much servicing. That is because today’s technology does not require as much oil and parts and are better engineered with better technology. However, it is still important to look after your machine, as neglect is still one of the main reason why a machine develops faults.
Simple home maintenance and care is the best method to prolonging your machine’s life. The best advice will often be found in your machine manual.
We have also compiled a list of helpful hints for you below.
Cleaning: Clean your machine regularly to prevent lint building up which can soak up all the oil and add extra pressure to moving components, causing unnecessary wear and tear.
The best method is to access as many hidden areas as you can. Often, plates etc. are designed so that the user can access them and clean them. Another good area that is often forgotten about is cleaning the feed dog area. This is an area where lint can often build up quickly and end up so compressed it can cause parts to break.
Oil: Older machines require a little dab of oil once every 2 months or so. The frequency of which is normally marked on the machine or in the manual. If oiling, ensure to use manufacturer approved sewing machine oils. After oiling, run the machine to work the oil into the mechanism, then remove any excess.
A modern machine does not require as much oil and only in very specific areas. It is important not to get oil into the plastic cams or bushes. This is one of the reasons why oil bottles are not supplied in the accessories kits today. Oil for a modern machine is usually applied by a qualified mechanic when you have your machine serviced.
Bobbins: It is important that the bobbin turns smoothly to give even and consistent stitches. It is also important that the bobbin does not continue to turn after the machine stops stitching. Using the correct bobbin that suits your machine will avoid many of these issues. Therefore it is important to inspect your bobbin for rust or damage, as these defects will hinder the machine from producing a good even stitch, and may damage the bobbin case holder.
It is highly recommended to look after this area as the bobbin is in the centre of the hook assembly, which is the main area where the stitch is formed.
Cleaning the hook area, and ensuring that the bobbin is properly installed before sewing will ensure your machine’s longevity.
Machine Needle: Skipping stitches is the most common issue for sewing machines, this is often to do with the installation or type of sewing machine needle. This should always be one of your first places to check along with the threading and the bobbin.
If a machine is playing up and skipping stitches, check to see if the needle needs to be replaced or if you are using the correct type of needle. Also make sure to align and insert the needle correctly into the needle shaft.
Choosing the right needle for your project is also important. There are plenty of needle guides out there with many options. Most will work, but for the best result only use the correct needle for the material you sewing. We recommend that you use the major brands of needles like Klasse, Schmetz, or the machine branded needle as they are often better in quality and durability.
Thread: Poor Thread will result in poor stitch quality. It can produce excessive lint that builds up in the upper tension areas, and in and around the bobbin area. It can easily break or be too strong and damage the machine.
Consistency is important when it comes to threads. Higher quality threads have more consistent thread diameters which reduces breakage when sewing, a more even tension, and last longer with repeated washing. We recommend high quality brands such as, Madeira, Gutermann, Mettler, Coats, etc.
Power: A good safety tip is to unplug your machine between uses, avoiding power surges when not in use. It is also highly recommended to use a power surge protector board if you have a computerised machine.
Cover: A simple cover can keep dust off the machine which helps prevent dust from entering its internal mechanisms.
Sun Light: A good idea to keep your sewing machine or overlocker out of direct sunlight. Many machines have plastic covers that can discolour or warp. Heat can also damage sensitive internal parts.
Regular Service: It is important to have your machine serviced at least once a year. If you are a heavy user you may need more regular servicing.
Hobbysew provides expert mechanics that are trained by the manufactures. Hobbysew is an Official Brother Service Centre, and an accredited dealer for all the major brands such as Janome, Elna, Husqvarna, Bernina, Brother, and Singer.